Land Tenure Rights in a Geographically Isolated and Disadvantaged Community in Bukidnon, Philippines


Eric N. Bruno, Rodriga G. Aguinsatan, Laarni F. Lacandula, Angela Grace I. Toledo-Bruno

DOI10.5110/77. 1124              Page:   115-134         Vol: 19    Issue: 03   Year: 2024

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This study delves into the intricacies of land tenure rights in a Geographically Isolated and Disadvantaged Area (GIDA), Barangay[i] Bukang Liwayway, situated in the Municipality of Kibawe, Bukidnon, Philippines. The primary objective is to conduct a rapid assessment of land tenure dynamics within this community. The study has five objectives: a) Determine the different land uses of the residents in the barangay; b) Assess the natural resource development potential in the barangay; c) Determine the various forms of land tenure arrangements in the community; d) Identify the key stakeholders in the land tenure arrangement in the community; and Determine community land tenure improvement options. Employing a combination of methodologies, including secondary land use maps, participatory workshops, and Geographic Information System (GIS) analysis, the research reveals that Bukang Liwayway is predominantly functions an agricultural community, with 48% of its land dedicated to crop production and 43% adorned with a mix of fruit and timber trees. The natural forest is limited along riparian areas constraining natural resource development, thereby channeling efforts towards agri-based by-products and waste utilization. Diversity characterizes land tenure, with tax declarations prevailing among 52% of households, land titles held by 48%, and 20% of households operating as tenants. The study underscores the nuanced roles and influences of distinct stakeholders in the realm of land tenure, highlighting the impact of socio-cultural contexts. In pursuit of enhanced land tenure, the research identifies two viable options: forest management stewardship for migrant settlers and ancestral domain rights for indigenous peoples. The findings emphasize the pivotal role of secure land tenure in fostering community engagement in formal economic activities, underscoring the intrinsic link between land rights and sustainable development in GIDAs, exemplified by the case of Bukang Liwayway.


Land Security, Geographically Isolated and Disadvantaged Area (GIDA), Bukang Liwayway

Received: 18 February 2024

Accepted: 09 March 2024

Published: 17 March 2024